Helpfull Chord Theory for Beginners
Hi, This is a piece I wrote for my blog. Because of the picture content please view the full version of this lesson my website: http://claudio-uke.blogspot.com/p/useful-music-tools.html Keys of a Song Music is written in a key. This key might change in the song to add some interesting movement or emotional emphasis. It is therefore useful to understand how they work so that you can choose the right chords in a song and transpose music from a tricky key into something you might prefer to play like C or G. Characteristic of a Key Each key is made up of a minor or major scale. They contain all the letters, A to G, of the scale. Examples: C Major C D E F G A B C G Major G A B C D E F# G B Major B C# D# E F# G# A# B F Major F G A Bb C D E F All the keys except for A minor and C major use sharps or flats - Remember the black keys on the piano? The piano keyboard was designed to be biased towards the C Major scale so that you could play a key with just the white piano keys. Chord Types - Vocabulary The chord of C has the full name C Major but the “Major” tends to get dropped as C implicitly means C-Major. Minor chords are always denoted with some sort of suffix like “m”, “min” or “minor”. Minor always uses a lower case “m” to avoid confusion with the “M” for Major. 7th chords are always “Dominant” (which I’ll explain later). The “dominant” bit is usually dropped because a 7th chord by default is always dominant unless explicitly stated otherwise. Major 7th chords are different to dominant 7th chords and always have a “M”, “Maj” or “Major” prefix. Chord Types – Spelling Here are the chord spellings for a range of chord types: Major: 1 3 5 Minor: 1 b3 5 Diminished: 1 b3 b5 Suspended4: 1 4 5 Suspended2: 1 2 5 Dominant 7th: 1 3 5 b7 Major 6th: 1 3 5 6 Minor 6th: 1 b3 5 6 Major 7th: 1 3 5 7 Add 9th: 1 3 5 9 Major 9th: 1 3 5 7 9 (See note) 9th: 1 3 5 b7 9 (See note) Minor 6th: 1 b3 5 6 Minor 7th: 1 b3 5 b7* Augmented: 1 3 #5 Note: You don’t have 5 strings on a uke in order to play any of the 9th chords. So you could try leaving out the root note or playing the Add 9th chord instead.